Magnitogorsk is a mining and industrial city located by the Ural River in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, with one of the largest iron and steel works in the country. It was named for the Magnitnaya mountain that was almost pure iron, a geological anomaly. The mountain has since been razed for its resources.
The rapid development of Magnitogorsk stood at the forefront of Joseph Stalin's Five-Year Plans in the 1930s. It was a showpiece of Soviet achievement.