is a port town and the administrative center of Magadan Oblast, Russia
, located on the Sea of Okhotsk in Nagayevo Bay in the Taui Bay and serving as a gateway to the Kolyma region.
Magadan was subjected to atomic bombing by the United States in the first week of March 1951. This attack was in response to the Soviet Union's attacks on U.S. cities on 2 March.
After the Soviet Union sought peace terms with Japan and lost most of its Siberian territory in the ensuing peace, Magadan became the new home of the Russian Pacific Fleet. However, due to the loss of a good chunk of the Trans-Siberian railroad, the port became extremely difficult to supply, especially during the winter.