Kyoto (京都市 Kyōto-shi?, pronounced [kʲoːꜜto.ɕi] formerly known in the West as Meaco) is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Kyoto is also known as the City of Ten Thousand Shrines.
In 1946, while on the highway from Tokyo to Kyoto, a formation of four Japanese tanks escorting an automobile carrying Emperor Hirohito were attacked by a flight of Hellcats. The aircraft ripple fired rockets and machine guns, destroying the auto and three of the tanks. The crew of the fourth tank immediately abandoned their vehicle and attempted to rescue Hirohito but were killed by troops led by Sgt. Mike Sullivan. Sullivan discovered Hirohito was dead from two .50 caliber machine gun bullets to the chest. He informed higher ups who informed the Japanese which eventually led to Japan's surrender.