Arial photo of downtown Kitchener Ontario-1-
Kitchener is a city in Southern Ontario, Canada. It was settled by German immigrants as the Town of Berlin from 1854 until 1912 and the City of Berlin from 1912 until 1916, when wartime anti-German sentiment led to the town becoming Kitchener. The new name came from a British field marshal who had recently been killed in the war in Europe.

Kitchener in Southern VictoryEdit

Berlin, Ontario was settled by German immigrants. The Canadians, embarrassed to have a city named after an enemy capital, changed the name to Empire during the Great War. The Canadians suspected the Berliners of disloyalty on account of their German ancestry, exiling them to Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic to prevent any cooperation with the Americans.[1] Empire was a focal point of the defenses in southern Ontario until it fell to a United States offensive in 1916. The Americans changed the name back to Berlin. US aeroplane veteran Jonathan Moss settled in Berlin to practice occupation law after the war.


  1. American Front, pgs. 252-253, HC.