This article lists the various minor fictional characters who appear in The War Between the Provinces series. These characters are identified by name or profession, but play at best a peripheral role in the series. Some were simply mentioned or had a very brief, unimportant speaking role that did not impact the plot, and never appeared again.
These characters died before the first chapter of Sentry Peak, and as such, their "appearances" in the series are limited to posthumous references.
Buchan of DetinaEdit
Buchan was King of Detina. He was succeeded at death by his son Avram, precipitating a major succession crisis when eleven northern provinces - with which Buchan had long sympathized despite his Southron roots - rebelled against the new king, who was dedicated to ending the institution of serfdom.
| Regnal titles|
last known is Zachary the Rough and Ready
|King of Detina|| Succeeded by|
Daniel the WeaverEdit
Daniel the Weaver was a Detinan statesman. Ten years before the Detinan Civil War, he worked with Henry Feet of Clay and John the Typhoon to reach a compromise that headed off a war over serfdom by satisfying both northern nobles and King Zachary the Rough and Ready. The spirit of compromise was short-lived, and war occurred with the ascension of King Avram to the throne after his father Buchan's death.
Henry Feet of ClayEdit
Henry Feet of Clay was a Detinan statesman. Ten years before the Detinan Civil War, he worked with Daniel the Weaver and John the Typhoon to work out a compromise that headed off a war over serfdom by satisfying both northern nobles and King Zachary the Rough and Ready. The compromise was short-lived, and the war occurred with the ascension of King Avram to the throne.
Hesmucet was a blond king. During the War of 1218, Hesmucet led his army against the ethnic Detinans before they had become firmly established as the rulers of the continent. Hesmucet frustrated the expansionist intentions of the Detinans for a long time but was ultimately killed in battle.
The famous Detinan general Hesmucet was named for him.
Literary Comment: Hesmucet is based on the Shawnee chieftain Tecumseh, who fought the United States during the War of 1812. Hesmucet is Tecumseh spelled backwards. Tecumseh was also the middle name of William Sherman, on whom The War Between the Provinces series' "main" Hesmucet is based.
John the TyphoonEdit
John the Typhoon was a Detinan statesman. Ten years before the Detinan Civil War, he worked with Henry Feet of Clay and Daniel the Weaver to work out a compromise that headed off a war over serfdom by satisfying both northern nobles and King Zachary the Rough and Ready. The spirit of compromise was short-lived and war occurred with the ascension of King Avram to the throne.
JordanEditCount Jordan of Cloviston did what he could to keep his home province loyal to King Avram. Although his younger son Thom served as a brigadier in Avram's forces, his older son George the Bibber joined Geoffrey's side.
Literary Comment: Jordan is based on John Jordan Crittenden (September 10, 1787 - July 26, 1863), Governor and Senator from Kentucky, and Attorney General of the United States. As the deaths of most characters in the story mirror the time frame of their historical counterparts' demises, it is probable that Harry Turtledove intended for Jordan to have died a few weeks before Sentry Peak begins.
Great King Kermit was an emperor on the continent across the Western Ocean from Detina. Fifty years before the Detinan Civil War, Kermit waged war against other western kingdoms to expand his empire. His efforts were met with tremendous initial success, and he established a reputation as one of the world's all-time greatest military geniuses. However, he attempted to invade the massive southern kingdom of Sorb during a particularly brutal winter. His forces reached the Sorbian capital of Pahzbull but were forced into retreat, and his army never recovered from the massive casualties it sustained on that retreat. More men were lost to starvation and winter than to Sorbian and allied counteroffensives.
Literary Comment: Great King Kermit is very closely based on the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. The name "Kermit" is probably a reference to an insulting name for the French as "frogs". The nation which Kermit ruled is not given a name.
Thomas the Brick WallEdit
Thomas the Brick Wall was a wing commander in the Army of Southern Parthenia. He was considered by some second only to his superior, Duke Edward of Arlington, as the greatest general who followed "King" Geoffrey's rebellion against King Avram.
At the Battle of Viziersville, Thomas and Edward conceived and executed a daring plan to rout Fighting Joseph's loyal forces despite being severely outnumbered. Unfortunately, while reconnoitering near the front, Thomas was accidentally shot by his own men and mortally wounded.
Literary Comment: Thomas the Brick Wall is based on Thomas Jackson, the "Stonewall".
Zachary the Rough and ReadyEdit
King Zachary the Rough and Ready was a former King of Detina. He reigned ten years before the Civil War began. During his reign, he narrowly managed to stave off a war over serfdom by accepting a compromise proposed by Daniel the Weaver, Henry Feet of Clay, and John the Typhoon.
Zachary had been dead for a number of years when the war began, but members of his family, who somehow had not inherited the throne from their ancestor, remained prominent in the Detinan aristocracy.
| Regnal titles|
|King of Detina|| Succeeded by|
Next known is
Literary Comment: Zachary the Rough and Ready is modeled on Zachary Taylor (1784-1850), the 12th President of the United States (in office March 1849 - July 1850), whose nickname as a General during the Mexican War was "Old Rough and Ready."
Direct appearances and contemporary referencesEdit
These characters were still alive during the first chapter of Sentry Peak, although some did not remain alive for very long after that. Some made direct appearances in the series, others were only referenced as being still alive, and a few were referenced as having just died.
Andrew the SmithEditHesmucet of Sam the Sturgeon's defeat at the hands of Ned of the Forest near Luxor, Franklin. Hesmucet assigned Andrew to take up the fight against Ned, prompting Andrew to wish out loud that they had a man like Ned on their own side. Hesmucet replied that he was merely glad that Andrew was on their side against Ned.
Literary comment: Andrew the Smith is based on Major General Andrew Jackson "Whiskey" Smith (1815–1897).
BarreEditGeorgetown, Detina during the closing days of the Civil War. He was the younger brother of Handsome Edwin. He was an outspoken opponent of King Avram's policies regarding blonds and the subjugation of the rebellious provinces. Some urged his arrest for treason, but Avram's laws forbade the abridgement of a man's right to speak his mind as long as he caused no harm. Brigadier John the Lister was shocked when he heard Barre unleash a tirade one evening at the House of the Rat, which contained the exclamation "Thus always to tyrants!" Marshal Bart insisted that Barre was nothing but wind and air, and that his incarceration would cause more harm than a free Barre would ever cause.
Literary Comment: Barre is based on John Wilkes Booth, the actor who murdered President Abraham Lincoln in the waning days of the American Civil War, and was killed by pursuing soldiers two weeks later. The fictional analog's name is a reference to the city of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. In-universe, Avram's and Barre's fates remain unrevealed.
Brinton the BoldEdit
(A&R)Brinton the Bold was the General of King Avram's armies in the west for most of the first two years of the Detinan Civil War. Brinton was handsome and brave, and won a few small victories early in the war. But he moved with the speed of a tortoise, belying his presumptuous nickname. Avram once asked, half seriously, if he could borrow the army as Brinton was not making use of it. After failing to defeat the rebels definitively, Brinton left the army. Two years later, he roamed the south making speeches that fell just short of treasonous, suggest he would make a better king than Avram. But for the long-standing Detinan tradition of free speech, Brinton would have been crucified near the Black Palace.
Literary Comment: Brinton is closely based on George Brinton McClellan.
(Sentry Peak-A&R)Duke Brown was a northern Detinan nobleman. He supported Grand Duke Geoffrey's rebellion against the kingdom and was rewarded with an appointment as satrap of his home province of Peachtree Province. However, Geoffrey came to regret the appointment, as Brown was a thoroughly independent-minded satrap. He resisted Joseph the Gamecock's attempts to conscript his militia into the Army of Franklin. An exasperated Joseph declared that he would defend Brown's province whether the satrap wanted him to or not.
Cabell of Broken RidgeEdit
(SP)Duke Cabell of Broken Ridge backed Geoffrey's claim to the kingship of northern Detina during the Civil War. Following the sacking of Dan of Rabbit Hill, Cabell commanded part of the Army of Franklin. Count Thraxton the Braggart had hesitated over this appointment, as Cabell's blood was higher than his; when old King Buchan died, there had been talk of raising Cabell to the throne, though his would-be backers ultimately chose Grand Duke Geoffrey instead.
Literary Comment: Cabell is based on John Cabell Breckinridge.
Literary comment: Carmoni is an anagram of the surname of Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937), Italian radio pioneer.
(MTP)Peg-Leg Dick was a general in the Army of Southern Parthenia. His leg was amputated just below the knee, and he was fitted out with a wooden replacement so he could still ride a unicorn.
Literary Comment: Peg-Leg Dick is based on Richard S. Ewell.
Early the JubilantEdit
(MTP, A&R)"King" Geoffrey. In the days when the Army of Southern Parthenia was being pushed back to the northern part of its home province, and the Army of Franklin was being pushed back to Peachtree, Early led his troops in an attack on Georgetown itself. His raid failed to penetrate the city, and he subsequently failed to protect an agricultural valley in Parthenia from being burned by Southron forces. For these defeats, he received the pessimistic nickname of Jubal the Late.
Edoc was a mage in the scryers' section of General Guildenstern's army. He and his teammate Esrom served under Major Carmoni. Edoc relayed Guildenstern's messages via crystal ball to Brigadier Thom's wing.
(A&R)Handsome Edwin was an actor based in Georgetown, Detina during the closing days of the Detinan Civil War. Unlike his younger brother Barre, Edwin was not known for an unhealthy obsession with King Avram's less popular policies.
Literary Comment: Edwin is based on Edwin Booth.
Esrom was a mage in the scryers' section of General Guildenstern's army. He and his teammate Edoc served under Major Carmoni. Edoc relayed Guildenstern's messages via crystal ball to Lieutenant General George's wing.
George the BibberEdit
(SP)George the Bibber, a Clovistonian, joined Geoffrey's forces as a Brigadier, although his father Count Jordan and brother Thom remained loyal to Avram. He was cashiered from Geoffrey's army for his drunkenness.
Literary Comment: George the Bibber is based on George Bibb Crittenden (1812-1880), whose family ties and military career are mirrored by the character's description.
Gleb was a soldier in King Avram's army. When assigned by his corporal Rollant to fetch water for the unit, he refused to take orders from a blond. Rollant realized that the only way to make Gleb see reason was to give him a severe thrashing, and Gleb then had to carry out his task while injured. But the lesson was learned, and Gleb and Rollant later had an uneventful encounter which was reasonably cordial, if not particularly friendly.
Hilda was Smitty's great-aunt. With his usual joking way of speech, Smitty surmised that Hilda's sharp tongue could have convinced the traitors to stay in the kingdom, making the Detinan Civil War unnecessary.
Hiram the CranberryEdit
(A&R)"King" Geoffrey's army during the Detinan Civil War. He was notable for his extremely ruddy complexion. He commanded a brigade in the Army of Franklin. Like many of his colleagues, he chafed under the command of Lieutenant General Bell, who gave reckless orders and then blamed his subordinates for their failure. After being accused of cowardice by Bell before the Battle of Ramblerton, Hiram the Cranberry sought to redeem himself by not shying away from danger, and as a result, he was killed.
Literary Comment: Hiram the Cranberry is based on Confederate Brigadier General Hiram Granberry, also spelled Granbury.
Innkeeper at WhitesideEdit
The innkeeper at the Whiteside establishment where General Guildenstern stayed on his way to the Rising Rock front, was visibly vexed that he had to pay his blond employees who were no longer serfs. Ironically, he took gleeful pleasure in reminding Guildenstern of this fact. When the General asked for a girl (specifically Lindy) to warm his bed, the innkeeper reminded the conqueror that Guildenstern's own martial success had ensured, she was now free to refuse him if she saw fit.
(A&R)"Inward" was the alias of a mage from the mother kingdom who anonymously proposed the controversial Hypothesis of Divine Choice. The notion was condemned as heretical by most mages, and many threats were made against "Inward," which is why he went to lengths to keep his identity secret.
Ithran, a wizened, bespectacled little man, was the postmaster of Warsaw, Franklin. He had been postmaster under King Buchan before the Detinan Civil War, under self-styled King Geoffrey during the war, and intended to go on being postmaster after King Avram's men brought Franklin Province back into the kingdom. When Warsaw fell to Doubting George's army, Brigadier John the Lister told Ithran that he would have to swear a loyalty oath to King Avram if he intended to go on being postmaster. Ithran protested that there was now no other king to whom he could swear fealty, which John replied was one more reason to finalize the oath. As Ithran had swung so easily from Buchan to Geoffrey, John had no illusions that his oath to Avram would be sincere. But John's job was to enforce the law, not sincerity.
Jeb the Beauty/StewardEdit
(MTP)Jeb the Beauty (also called Jeb the Steward) was the commander of unicorn-riders for the Army of Southern Parthenia. He ranked alongside Ned of the Forest as one of the greatest unicorn-rider commanders in "King" Geoffrey's service until he was killed by a southron crossbow bolt during Marshal Bart's campaign against Duke Edward of Arlington. The commanders in the Army of Franklin, suffering from the lack of such a commander in their own army, mourned his loss.
For Gods' Sake JohnEdit
(A&R)For Gods' Sake John was an officer in "King" Geoffrey's army during the Detinan Civil War. He earned his ekename through constant repetition of the phrase "For gods' sake." He commanded a brigade in the Army of Franklin. Like many of his colleagues, he chafed under the command of General Bell, who gave reckless orders and then blamed his subordinates for their failure. After being accused of cowardice by Bell before the Battle of Ramblerton, For Gods' Sake John sought to redeem himself by not shying away from danger, and as a result, he was shot by a Southron common soldier named Smitty while leading his brigade.
Literary comment: For Gods' Sake John is based on the Confederate Brigadier General John Adams. Adams was of no relation to US President John Adams. However, the character's name is almost certainly a pun on the song "Sit Down, John" in the Broadway musical 1776. In the song, Delegate Adams harangues his colleagues in the Continental Congress to draft a Declaration of Independence and is repeatedly told by the chorus "For God's sake, John, sit down!"
John of BarsoomEdit
(A&R)John of Barsoom was an officer in "King" Geoffrey's army during the Detinan Civil War. He commanded a brigade in the Army of Franklin. Like many of his colleagues, he chafed under the command of General Bell, who gave reckless orders and then blamed his subordinates for their failure. After being accused of cowardice by Bell before the Battle of Ramblerton, John of Barsoom sought to redeem himself by not shying away from danger, and as a result, he was killed.
Literary Comment: John of Barsoom is based on Confederate general John C. Carter. John Carter is also the name of the narrator of Edgar Rice Burroughs' A Princess of Mars and of some of its sequels. In the books, Carter, himself a Confederate veteran, magically travels to the planet Mars, whose inhabitants call it Barsoom.
John the HierophantEdit
(MTP, A&R)John the Hierophant was a general in the Detinan Army during the Detinan Civil War. He was defeated by Edward of Arlington at the Second Battle of Cow Jog. His defeat was humiliating, and he lost King Avram's confidence as a result. He was sent out to the eastern frontier for the remainder of the war, soon to be followed by General Guildenstern. Officers of the southron army shivered at the fate of the two generals.
Literary Comment: John the Hierophant is based on United States Army General John Pope. A Hierophant was a chief priest in some Ancient Greek polytheist religions, whereas the Pope is the chief priest of Catholicism.
John the HunterEdit
(SP)John the Hunter led a band of northern unicorn-riders in an attack on Highlow Province, one year before the Rising Rock campaign. Although they caused much death and destruction, very few survived to return to the north.
Literary Comment: John the Hunter is based on Confederate General John Hunt Morgan (1825-1864), who was killed on September 4, 1864 in Greeneville, Tennessee. The fate of the fictional counterpart is never revealed.
Jubal the LateEdit
See Early the Jubilant.
Lindy was a blond woman, recently liberated from serfdom by King Avram's army, who worked in an inn in Whiteside, Franklin Province. The conquering General Guildenstern found her more attractive than her fellow employee Vetty, and paid her to warm his bed.
Lindy either enjoyed her interaction with Guildenstern, or was a very good actress. One thing is certain that she enjoyed the silver she got from the General. When Marshal Bart took command of the local forces, Lindy hoped for a similar opportunity, but was disappointed by Bart's faithfulness to his wife back home.
Ludovic was a soldier in the Army of Franklin. After he complained of stepping in the dung of a southron unicorn with his bare foot, Captain Gremio gave him permission to pick a fight with the rider of that unicorn. When Ludovic pointed out that the unicorn didn't leave a calling card (beyond the one he'd stepped in), Gremio said he'd better slog it out along with everyone else. Rather than challenge his officer to a duel, Ludovic rejoined the ranks and marched uncomplainingly.
(SP)A southron general who was known for drinking mead commanded forces loyal to King Avram in western Detina during the Detinan Civil War. Despite rumors that he was overly fond of this beverage, the general managed to defeat the vaunted Northern Duke Edward of Arlington at the Battle of Essoville, forever stripping the Army of Southern Parthenia of its aura of invincibility.
Literary Comment: This character's proper name is never given. The reference to his drinking mead is a pun on the name of Union General George Meade, whose Army of the Potomac defeated Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, the first decisive victory over that army.
Nat the BankerEdit
(SP)Nat the Banker was one of King Avram's commanders occupying Old Capet. He lent General Bart a very spirited unicorn which tossed Bart and bruised him badly, a few days before Bart left the Great River region for Rising Rock.
Norina was a blond woman from New Eborac City. Her family had been free from feudal ties for a few generations. She married Rollant the carpenter, an escaped serf from Palmetto Province, and they had two children. When the Detinan Civil War began, Rollant enlisted in King Avram's army to put down the rebellion and put an end to Detinan serfdom. Throughout his military service, Rollant remained faithful to Norina, refusing the favors of prostitutes and other loose women.
Otho the TrollEdit
(A&R)Otho the Troll was an officer in "King" Geoffrey's army during the Detinan Civil War. He commanded a brigade in the Army of Franklin, a brigade which included Florizel's regiment from Palmetto Province. Like many of his colleagues, he chafed under the command of General Bell, who gave reckless orders and then blamed his subordinates for their failure. After being accused of cowardice by Bell before the Battle of Ramblerton, Otho the Troll sought to redeem himself by not shying away from danger, and as a result, he was killed.
Literary Comment: Otho is based on Confederate Brigadier General Otho F. Strahl.
Peegeetee of GoodlookEdit
(A&R)Marquis Peegeetee of Goodlook was a Northern Detinan who followed "King" Geoffrey during the Detinan Civil War. He held several field commands, including the seizure of Sumptuous Castle in Karlsburg Harbor, Palmetto Province that marked the formal separation of the eleven provinces which followed Geoffrey from the rest of the kingdom, and along with Joseph the Gamecock had commanded the Northern forces at the first battle of Cow Jog. Afterward, his fortunes had dropped somewhat, and he was not considered among the North's best commanders. When Leonidas the Priest suggested to Geoffrey that Peegeetee replace Thraxton the Braggart as commander of the Army of Franklin, Geoffrey dismissed Peegeetee as not holding his trust.
However, Peegeetee was sufficiently in Geoffrey's good graces to become a denizen of Nonesuch and to act as something of a royal courier to Geoffrey's armies in the field. He visited Bell to warn the other general that he was in danger of losing Geoffrey's favor.
(SP)Pembert was a Detinan from a Southern province. Despite his roots, he married a Parthenian woman and followed "King" Geoffrey during the Detinan Civil War. Pembert became a general in Geoffrey's army and commanded the Northern forces in Camphorville, Geoffrey's last port on the Great River. After a long siege by General Bart's forces, Pembert surrendered the port. He lost his active command.
Several months later, when James of Broadpath, Dan of Rabbit Hill, and Leonidas the Priest asked Geoffrey to replace Thraxton the Braggart with another general, after refusing to replace him with Edward of Arlington, Joseph the Gamecock, or Peegeetee of Goodlook, Geoffrey offered to send Pembert to command the army. The wing commanders were horrified; Pembert was perhaps the one general of whom they had an even lower opinion than they did of Thraxton. Dan of Harvey Hill predicted that the troops would mutiny against Pembert if Geoffrey installed him. They asked him to leave Thraxton in command instead. Given Geoffrey's penchant for protecting generals who enjoyed his friendship - and this included Thraxton - it is likely that Geoffrey intentionally offered an unacceptable commander to Thraxton's discontented wing commanders as a way of ending their campaign to replace Thraxton.
Literary Comment: Pembert is closely based on John C. Pemberton, a Pennsylvanian whose Southern wife convinced him to join the Confederate States during the American Civil War. Pemberton surrendered the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, after a long siege by General Ulysses S. Grant.
(A&R)Provincial Prerogative was an officer in "King" Geoffrey's army during the Detinan Civil War. He was named after an ideology beloved in the north, which was one of the chief causes of the Detinan Civil War. He commanded a brigade in the Army of Franklin. Like many of his colleagues, he chafed under the command of General Bell, who gave reckless orders and then blamed his subordinates for their failure. After being accused of cowardice by Bell before the Battle of Ramblerton, Provincial Prerogative sought to redeem himself by not shying away from danger, and as a result, he was killed.
Richard the HaberdasherEdit
(A&R)Richard the Haberdasher was a Detinan earl. He was the brother-in-law of Grand Duke Geoffrey and a relative of King Zachary the Rough and Ready. He served in Geoffrey's army as a general during the Detinan Civil War. He was given command of the remnant of the Army of Franklin that managed to extricate itself from Bell's failed invasion of Franklin Province. Richard took command in an impossible situation. Nevertheless, he maintained order in his army as well as he could. He impressed Ned of the Forest, who was famously hostile to aristocrats whom he suspected of rising through the ranks by nepotism.
| Military offices|
|Commander of the Army of Franklin|| Succeeded by|
Sam the SturgeonEdit
(MTP)Sam the Sturgeon (so called because of his protruding eyes and extremely long nose) was a Detinan brigadier garrisoning Luxor, Franklin against the forces of Ned of the Forest. Although Sam's forces outnumbered Ned's, three to one, Ned met Sam in battle and smashed the latter's army "to hells and gone," in the words of Sam's fellow brigadier, Andrew the Smith. This news was distressing to General Hesmucet, who had hoped Sam would keep Ned busy long enough for Hesmucet to complete the conquest of Peachtree Province.
Literary comment: Sam the Sturgeon is based on Samuel D. Sturgis.
Thert the ButlerEdit
(MTP)Thert the Butler was a Northern Detinan, a handsome man with jug-handled ears. He was staying in the city of Marthasville, Peachtree Province when Hesmucet's forces took the city from the Army of Franklin. A female acquaintance of his frantically declared that she had to return to her family's estate of Traa, which had been captured by the Southrons weeks earlier. Thert attempted to discourage her from undertaking a hazardous trip, albeit rudely, and was rewarded with a kick in the shin. He was unable to finish his sentence "Frankly my dear, I don't give a..." He became so enmeshed in a quarrel with this woman that he hardly even noticed that the Detinan soldier who ordered him to clear the roadway in which he and the woman were fighting was a blond.
Literary Comment: Thert the Butler is based on Rhett Butler, a character in Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind. The description of Thert broadly resembles Clark Gable's portrayal of Rhett in the 1939 film. It logically follows that Thert's female companion is based on Scarlett O'Hara, the long-time love-hate of Rhett's life.
Vetty was a blond woman, recently liberated from serfdom by King Avram's army, who worked in an inn in Whiteside, Franklin Province. The conquering General Guildenstern did not find her as attractive as her fellow employee Lindy.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 87.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 55.
- ↑ Marching Through Peachtree, p. 123-124.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 376-377.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 41.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 290-292.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 134-135.
- ↑ Marching Through Peachtree, p. 23.
- ↑ Marching Through Peachtree, p. 181.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 372. Some speculation is necessary to explain the abrupt name change.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 134.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 376.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 134.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 87.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 248.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, chapter I.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 5.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, chapter XI, p. 333-335, HC.
- ↑ see: Inconsistencies in Turtledove's Work#Inconsistencies in The War Between the Provinces
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 86.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, chapter I.
- ↑ Advance and Retreat, p. 102-103.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 24.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 252.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 17.
- ↑ The War Between the Provinces, generally.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, p. 37.
- ↑ Marching Through Peachtree, p. 122-123.
- ↑ Sentry Peak, chapter I.