Kamehameha Highway is one of the main highways serving suburban and rural O'ahu in the U.S. state of Hawaii. It is named after the first royal family which ruled the united kingdom of Hawaii between 1795-1872. Starting from Nimitz Highway near Pearl Harbor and Hickam Air Force Base in Honolulu, it serves the island's older western suburbs, turning north across the O'ahu Central Valley to the North Shore. At the North Shore, Kamehameha Highway heads northeast around the northern tip of O'ahu, then southeast to and just beyond Kāne'he Bay on the windward coast.
During the Japaneseinvasion ofHawaii, the Kamehameha Highway was used by the US Army to transfer military personnel to defend northern Oahu as it is where the main landing site of the invasion. However, Japanese airplanes, with air superiority over Hawaii, took advantage in destroying Army columns on the highway. Civilians from Haleiwa and Wahiawa were also being evacuated on the bombarded Kamehameha Highway after Japanese landing forces took northern Oahu and were similarly and indiscriminately attacked by Japanese planes. After Hawaii fell under Japanese rule, the Kamehameha Highway was repaired by American prisoners of war.