Josip Broz Tito (7 May 1892 – 4 May 1980), in Cyrillic Јосип Броз Тито, sometimes known only as Josip Broz, was the leader of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1943 until his death in 1980. Born in Croatia to a Croat father and a Slovenian mother, he self-identified as a Croat. During World War II, Tito organized the anti-fascist resistance movement known as the Yugoslav Partisans. He was Secretary-General (later President) of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (1939–80). He also served as Prime Minister (1944–63) and later President (1953–80) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). From 1943 to his death in 1980 he held the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, serving as the supreme commander of the Yugoslav military.
Despite being one of the founders of Cominform, he was also the only successful Cominform member to defy Soviet hegemony. Tito ruled Yugoslavia with an iron fist. Shortly after his death, the various ethnic groups he had held together returned to their hereditary conflicts.
Josip Broz Tito was the ruler of Yugoslavia at the outbreak of World War III. While Tito's government was communist, it was also deviationist; Tito had broken with Stalin and had stayed neutral during the war. Nonetheless, one Soviet Tu-4 violated Yugoslav airspace on its way to bomb Bordeaux, France; it was undetected.