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John Russell
Russell
Historical Figure
Nationality: United Kingdom
Date of Birth: 1792
Date of Death: 1878
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Religion: Church of England
Occupation: Politician
Spouse: Adelaide Lister, Frances Elliot
Children: Six
Political Party: Whig Party, later Liberal Party
Political Office(s): Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Turtledove Appearances:
The Guns of the South
POD: January 17, 1864
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): American Front
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, KG, GCMG, PC (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known as Lord John Russell before 1861, was an English Whig and Liberal politician who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1846-52, 1865-6). He also served as Foreign Minister under Lord Palmerston from 1859 to 1865, a period of numerous momentous global events, including the unification of Italy, war between the German states and Denmark (one of the early events in the unification of Germany), and the American Civil War.

John Russell in The Guns of the SouthEdit

During John Russell's tenure as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Britain, the Confederate States gained independence during the Second American Revolution in 1864. While the British government did recognise the C.S. in light of their decisive victory, before this, Britain had been reluctant to recognise or extend diplomatic ties to a country so dependent on slavery. Russell conveyed this to C.S. envoy James Murray Mason, who in turn conveyed the message to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Even after victory, this position rankled Davis, who shared his disdain with Robert E. Lee.[1]

John Russell in Southern VictoryEdit

During John Russell's tenure as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Britain, the United States fought the War of Secession. In 1862, with the Southern states' victory at the Battle of Camp Hill, Russell was directed by Prime Minister Lord Palmerston to offer to mediate between the US and the newly-recognised Confederate States. U.S. President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly accepted his offer, ending the war and creating the Confederate States. Throughout the remainder of his tenure, Russell saw to it that the CS remained a close ally of Britain's.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Guns of the South, pg. 253, pb.
  2. American Front, pg. 5, PB.
Political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
Robert Peel
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1846-1852
Succeeded by
Earl of Derby
Preceded by
Henry Temple Palmerston
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1865-1866
Succeeded by
Earl of Derby
Preceded by
James Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury
Foreign Secretary
1852-1853
Succeeded by
George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon
Preceded by
James Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury
Foreign Secretary
1859-1865
Succeeded by
George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon

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