The Hapsburg (or Habsburg) and the successor family, Habsburg-Lorraine, were important ruling houses of Europe and are best known as the ruling Houses of Austria (and the Austrian Empire) for over six centuries. They also at times controlled Germany, Spain, and (arguably) Mexico (see Emperor of Mexico for details on the latter).
Hapsburg in Crosstime Traffic Edit
Curious Notions and The Disunited States of America visit different alternates where the Austro-Hungarian Empire has survived to the close of the 21st century. It is probably the case that the House of Hapsburg still rules the Empire in both timelines, but this is not actually stated in either novel.
Hapsburg in Ruled Britannia Edit
After Philip II died, Isabella and Albert were overthrown by a popular uprising led by Robert Cecil and barely manged to flee England in a boat sailing down the Thames in the night. Spain continued to be ruled by the Hapsburgs in the person of Philip II's son Philip III, the younger half-brother of Isabella.
Hapsburg in Southern Victory Edit
In the 19th Century, the House of Hapsburg was able to extend itself into Mexico, when the Austrian Emperor's brother, Maximilian I, was installed as Emperor of Mexico by France in the 1860s. Maximilian founded a Hapsburg dynasty that, supported by the Confederate States, continued to rule Mexico into the 20th Century. As a consequence of realpolitik, the Mexican Hapsburg emperors aligned themselves with the Entente despite their Austrian cousins' membership in the Central Powers.
The assassination of the Hapsburg Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 touched off the Great War. As Austria-Hungary was an ally of the United States, and Mexico was an ally of the Confederate States, the two Hapsburg branches were nominally enemies, although neither country met the other on the field of battle.
Austria-Hungary was on the winning side of the Great War, and Mexico was on the losing side. While both branches Hapsburgs still retained their respective imperial thrones, each saw unrest. Austria-Hungary was wracked by nationalist uprisings from its various subject peoples, although the direct danger to Hapsburg power was minimal. Mexico saw civil war in the 1920s when anti-Hapsburg popular revolutionaries, with tepid support from the U.S., attempted to overthrow the sitting monarch, Maximilian III. However, the Hapsburgs and the monarchist faction were more fiercely supported by the Confederate States, and Maximilian III kept his throne.
During the Second Great War Emperor Francisco José II was a staunch ally of Confederate President Jake Featherston, although his loyalty was maintained by a certain amount of coercion. Likewise, in Europe, Austria-Hungary maintained its obligation to the Central Powers.
Austria-Hungary was again on the winning side, and Mexico on the losing side. However the Hapsburgs still remained in power in Mexico, as the triumphant U.S. bowed to necessity as it began an extended occupation of the Confederate States.
Hapsburg in The Two GeorgesEdit
The House of Hapsburg is only mentioned once (page 320 in hardcover), and no individual members of the dynasty are described or even named.
Hapsburg in other storiesEdit
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, aka Carlos I of Spain, is referenced as the reigning monarch in "Eyewear," set in OTL. Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, is referenced as the reigning monarch in the alternate history of "The More it Changes," and his sister Archduchess Marie Antoinette is referenced posthumously in In High Places, in an anecdote from OTL.
Hapsburg Characters in Turtledove's WorksEdit
Ruled Britannia Edit
Southern Victory Edit
- Franz Ferdinand of Austria
- Franz Joseph I of Austria
- Francisco José I of Mexico
- Francisco José II of Mexico
- Charles I of Austria
- Maximilian I of Mexico
- Maximilian II of Mexico
- Maximilian III of Mexico
Other works Edit