The Mle 1914 Hotchkiss machine gun became the standard machine gun of the French Army during World War I. It was manufactured by the French arms company Hotchkiss et Cie, which had been established in the 1860s by American industrialist Benjamin B. Hotchkiss. The Hotchkiss system, essentially formulated in 1895, clearly is the conceptual precursor to most gas actuated machine gun designs to this day.
In 1939 Sgt. Aristide Demange assigned Cpl. Luc Harcourt to command a Hotchkiss gun crew when Cpl. Bordagary came down venereal. Harcourt served with distinction earning a promotion to Sergeant after one especially ferocious fight against a German trench-raid.