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Hideki Tojo
Tojo
Historical Figure
Nationality: Japan
Date of Birth: 1884
Date of Death: 1948
Cause of Death: Execution by Hanging
Occupation: Soldier, Politician
Spouse: Katsuko Ito
Children: Seven
Political Party: Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
Military Branch: Imperial Japanese Army
Turtledove Appearances:
Worldwar
POD: May 30, 1942
Appearance(s): Aftershocks
Type of Appearance: Direct
"News From the Front"
POD: December 8, 1941
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Days of Infamy
POD: March, 1941;
Relevant POD: December 7, 1941
Appearance(s): Days of Infamy
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): Coup d'Etat
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Joe Steele
POD: 1878;
Relevant POD: July, 1932
Novel or Story?: Novel only
Type of Appearance: Contemporary and posthumous references
Date of Death: 1946
Cause of Death: Killed in action
Hideki Tojo (December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, serving from 18 October 1941 to 22 July 1944. He also served as Minister of War, a position he initially took in 1940, and continued to hold concurrently as PM. Through his term as PM, he also took on other cabinet positions, such as Education Minister, and continued to implement totalitarian policies in Japan. During his time as War Minister, Tojo expanded the war with China, which was about three years old at that time. He rose to the PM position through the support of the IJA, which was pressing for war with the United States. He authorized Japan's war against the West, including the attack on the U.S. base at Pearl Harbor, though planning for the war had begun before he took office. While Tojo was initially very popular, but after Japan's defeat at the Battle of Midway, Tojo saw increasing opposition at home. He was forced to resign in July 1944 after the fall of Saipan.

He retired to his home in Setagaya. After Japan surrendered in August 1945, Tojo was arrested for war crimes. He attempted suicide by shooting himself, but the wound was not immediately fatal, and after a lengthy operation, Tojo recovered and stood trial, along several other alleged criminals. The trial commenced in 1946. The defense began presenting its case in January 1947, and took 225 days. The subsequent judgement issued by the court took another six months. Tojo was found guilty, and sentenced to death. He was hanged in 1948.

Hideki Tojo in Worldwar

Hideki Tojo was the prime minister of Japan during the aborted World War II and the invasion of Earth by the Race's Conquest Fleet. Under his administration, hundreds of thousands of Chinese, Filipino and Korean civilians and Allied prisoners of war were abused, enslaved, tortured, starved, raped, and subjected to brutal medical experimentation. Prisoners from the Race's Conquest Fleet were treated similarly and were often forcibly addicted to ginger to make them more tractable.[1]

Tojo survived the Race's explosive-metal bomb attack on Tokyo and lived to see Fleetlord Atvar call for a peace conference at Cairo in 1944. Japan was invited, and Tojo sent Shigenori Tojo to represent him.[2]

Tojo was still prime minister in 1965 at the age of eighty-one. He attended the funeral of the American President Earl Warren in Little Rock, Arkansas.[3]

Hideki Tojo in "News From the Front"

As Prime Minister of Japan, Hideki Tojo gave the go ahead for the December, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, which brought the United States into World War II. In 1942, the Honolulu Advertiser wrote that the "fats cats" in Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, who believed they had a monopoly on the truth, were worse enemies of freedom than Hitler and Tojo put together.[4]

Hideki Tojo in Days of Infamy

Hideki Tojo gave his blessing to the invasion of Hawaii in December 1941, despite his misgivings as an army general.[5]

Hideki Tojo in The War That Came Early

Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister of Japan in the closing days of 1940 as relations between Japan and the United States deteriorated, until war came in January 1941.[6] During his term, Japan was able to fight not only the U.S., but Britain, France, and Dutch forces in the Pacific, making substantial territorial gains very quickly.[7]

Hideki Tojo in Joe Steele

Hideki Tojo (1884-1946) was Prime Minister of Japan before and during World War II.

In June 1941, the U.S. imposed an embargo of oil and scrap metal on Japan in an attempt to halt Japan's war in China.[8] In response, Tojo took some steps to prevent war with the United States, sending Foreign Minister Saburō Kurusu to personally meet with President Joe Steele.[9] The meeting did not achieve an agreement, and Japan attacked the U.S. in December 1941.

While Japan was able to maintain momentum initially after the war started, things began turning against her in short order. By 1945, Japan had been driven almost entirely from its territorial holdings in the Pacific Ocean, and the United States had initiated the invasion of Kyushu, the southernmost Home Island, in November 1945.[10] Tojo and his government did not surrender.[11] This led to the invasion of Honshu in March 1946. Tojo personally led the effort to repel to the landings, and was killed in battle.[12] His death was a heavy blow to the already low morale of the people of Japan,[13] but it still required the death of Emperor Hirohito to force Japan's surrender.[14]

As Japan was divided up between the U.S.-backed South Japan and the Soviet-backed North Japan after its final surrender, Tojo was the last prime minister of a unified Japan.

References

  1. See, In the Balance, generally.
  2. We learn in Aftershocks that Tojo is still alive in 1965. Pg. 301.
  3. Aftershocks Pg. 301 (pb), 240 (hc)
  4. Atlantis and Other Places, p. 112.
  5. Days of Infamy, pg. 22.
  6. Coup d'Etat, pg. 184, HC. Somewhat speculative, as we first learn Tojo is PM in 1941, well after the Pacific War is under way.
  7. See, ibid., generally.
  8. Joe Steele, pg. 234.
  9. Ibid., pg. 243.
  10. Ibid., pg. 307.
  11. Ibid., pg. 315.
  12. Ibid., pg. 322.
  13. Ibid., pg. 412.
  14. Ibid., pg. 322-324.
Political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
Prime Minister of Japan
1941-1944
Succeeded by
Kuniaki Koiso
Political offices
(Joe Steele)
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
(presumed)
Prime Minister of Japan
c. June, 1941-1946
Succeeded by
None;
Unknown heads of government of the Democratic People's Republic of Japan and the Constitutional Monarchy of Japan
Political offices
(The War That Came Early)
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
(presumed)
Prime Minister of Japan
c. Fall, 1940 - 19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent(?) at series' end, 1944
Political offices
(Worldwar)
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
Prime Minister of Japan
1941-19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent in 1965--successors unknown
Political offices
(Fictional Work)
Preceded by
Fumimaro Konoe
Prime Minister of Japan
(Days of Infamy series)

1941-19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent at series' end, 1943
Prime Minister of Japan
("News From the Front")

1941-19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent at story's end, 1942

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