Hermann Wilhelm Göring (12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, designated successor to Adolf Hitler, and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force).
In 1947, the Soviets decided to try the officials in their zone. The GFF prevented this by crashing a plane into the courthouse, killing all the lawyers and judges, but leaving Göring and his fellow accused unharmed.
Hermann Göring (1893-c. 1961) was the only person to hold the title Reichsmarschall of the Greater German Reich. However, his role in the early Reich was so dominant that the Air and Space Ministry was still known as the Reichsmarschall's Office in 2010, almost 50 years after his death. The roof of the Ministry was covered in elaborate gardens and grass, as a venue for his notorious orgies.
Despite the trials of the war, Göring publicly carried on as if the situation on the continent was normal. He attended a performance of Tannhäuser at the Staatsoper in 1939, for example. He also made sure his own creature comforts and voracious appetites were not adversely affected by the inevitable shortages the war produced.
Göring held his position until 1944. After Hitler declared war on the United States in March 1944, the Committee for the Salvation of the German Nation decided the war was unwinnable and took action. When Hitler gave a broadcast speech in Münster about the insurrection taking place there, a bomb was planted which exploded, killing him. Immediately the Committee took over the radio broadcast and their leader Heinz Guderian announced Hitler's death and that the Committee was taking over. He also announced the imminent arrest of Göring, along with other members of the Nazi Party. Göring vanished during the subsequent civil war, and remained unaccounted for into the summer of 1944. Some rumors had it that he had been killed, others insisted he was still at large.