Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī (Hawaiian: "Hawaii's Own") is the state song and former national anthem of Hawaii. The words were written in 1874 by King David Kalākaua with music composed by Captain Henri Berger, then the king's royal bandmaster. Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī was one of the national anthems of the Republic of Hawaii and the Kingdom of Hawaii, having replaced Liliuokalani's composition He Mele Lahui Hawaii. It was the adopted song of the Territory of Hawaii before becoming the state symbol by an act of the Hawaiʻi State Legislature in 1967. The melody is reminiscent of the British national anthem "God Save the King/Queen" which was also used as the pre-1919 Prussian-German Imperial anthem "Heil dir im Siegerkranz," the Liechtenstein anthem "Oben am jungen Rhein," and the American song "My Country 'Tis of Thee."
Hawaii Pono'i in Days of InfamyEdit
Hawaii Pono'i was played by the Royal Hawaiian Band during Stanley Owana Laanui's coronation as King of Hawaii during the Japanese occupation of the archipelago. Mitsuo Fuchida, who was attending the coronation, only recognized the early passage of the song as it was being sung in both English and Hawaiian.