Harpers Ferry, also spelled Harper's Ferry, is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia. Before 1863 the entire state was part of Virginia. In the 19th century it was home to a United States Army weapons depot, which made it a target for John Brown's raid on the Armory in 1859 and a series of incursions during the American Civil War just a few years later.
Harpers Ferry loomed large in U.S.-C.S. history and relations. In 1859, John Brown led a raid on the US armory in Harpers Ferry, hoping to capture enough weapons to arm a slave army which could wage a guerrilla war against the US. His band of raiders were defeated and captured or killed by a United States Army detachment commanded by Robert E. Lee.