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Hans Frank
Frank
Historical Figure
Nationality: Germany
Date of Birth: 1900
Date of Death: 1946
Cause of Death: Execution by hanging
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Lawyer
Spouse: Brigitte Herbst
Children: Five
Political Party: Nazi Party
Turtledove Appearances:
The Man With the Iron Heart
POD: May 29, 1942;
Relevant POD: May, 1945
Type of Appearance: Oblique contemporary references
Occupation: Prisoner
Worldwar
POD: May 30, 1942
Appearance(s): In the Balance;
Upsetting the Balance
Type of Appearance: Contemporary and posthumous(?) references
Date of Death: 1942(?)
Hans Frank (23 May 1900 – 16 October 1946) was German lawyer who served as the Governor-General of the part of German-occupied Poland designated the "General Government" territory throughout World War II. A veteran of World War I, Frank was an early member of the Nazi Party. When he became a lawyer in the 1920s, he acted as legal counsel to the Party and to Adolf Hitler specifically. He was elected to the Reichstag in 1930, and became essentially Germany's chief jurist with Hitler's appointment as Chancellor in 1933. He was also a Minister Without Portfolio in Hitler's cabinet.

Frank was appointed Governor-General of the "General Government" of Poland in October 1939. This included those parts of Poland not outright annexed by Germany. He also received the SS rank of Obergruppenführer. He instituted a reign of terror that saw the Jews segregated into ghettos and the use of Poles as forced labor, and allowed the plunder of property and indiscriminate murder. While Frank's power was diminished after he angered Hitler in 1942, he maintained his position until the General Government collapsed in the face of the invading Soviet Red Army in December 1944, and Frank was captured in May 1945 by the United States. He was tried at Nuremberg, found guilty of war crimes, and executed in 1946.

During his incarceration, Frank completed his memoirs. His writings are the origin of the long standing, unsubstantiated rumor that Hitler had a Jewish ancestor. Most historians do not find Frank's claims credible.

Hans Frank in The Man With the Iron HeartEdit

Hans Frank[1] was one of nearly two dozen[2] German officials who were captured by the Allies at the end of World War II. The Allies sought to try Frank and the other men for war crimes. These plans were stopped twice by the German Freedom Front, first in November 1945, when the GFF destroyed the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg[3] and second in 1946, when the GFF destroyed the American residency zone in Frankfurt with a radium bomb.[4]

In 1947, the Soviets decided to try the officials in their zone. The GFF prevented this by crashing a plane into the courthouse, killing all the lawyers and judges, but leaving the accused unharmed.[5]

Hans Frank in WorldwarEdit

Hans Frank's reign as Governor-General ended in 1942 when the Race successfully overran Poland. It was unclear whether not he'd escaped or had been killed.[6] Even a year later, Frank's fate was still uncertain.[7]

The people of Poland, both Jews and Gentiles, quickly grew disenchanted with Frank's Lizard replacements, who, while not genocidal, still sought to become the absolute rulers of the country. Moishe Russie, for example, realized that Zolraag, the administrator of Warsaw, saw the Jews as things to be controlled. He just didn't find them something abhorrent as Frank had.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Frank is not named in the book, but the Point of Divergence does not seem to have changed the composition of the Nuremberg defendants.
  2. The Man With the Iron Heart, pg. 260.
  3. Ibid., pg. 108.
  4. Ibid., pg. 260.
  5. Ibid., pg. 407-8.
  6. In the Balance, pg. 185, pb.
  7. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 446. David Nussboym declares he wants Frank dead, suggesting that at a minimum, Frank had not been officially declared dead.
  8. In the Balance, pg. 186-187, generally.
Military offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
New office
Governor-General (military governor) of German-occupied Poland
1939–1945
Succeeded by
Office abolished;
Bolesław Bierut
as President of Polish People's Republic;
Konstantin Rokossovsky
as commander of Soviet occupation forces
Military offices
(Worldwar)
Preceded by
New office
Governor-General (military governor) of German-occupied Poland
1939–1942
Succeeded by
Office abolished;
Bunim
as Administrator of Race-occupied Poland
Zolraag
as commander of the Race occupation forces

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