Fukuoka (福岡市 Fukuoka-shi?) is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan. It is the most populous city on the island, followed by Kitakyushu. It is the largest city and metropolitan area west of Keihanshin. The city was designated on April 1, 1972, by government ordinance. Greater Fukuoka (福岡都市圏?), with 2.5 million people (2005 census), is part of the heavily industrialized Fukuoka–Kitakyushu zone as well as Northern Kyushu.
After the airfield in Pusan, South Korea was attacked in April, 1951, the U.S. Air Force abandoned it and used an airfield outside Fukuoka for its B-29 heavy bombers. Hank McCutcheon and Bill Staley found it to be more like the peacetime Air Force with paved runways and Quonset huts rather than the forward field they had been at.