Before his election, Roosevelt served as in the New York state senate (1911-1913), as Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), and Governor of New York (1929-1932). He ran for Vice President in 1920 on the Democratic ticket with James M. Cox, but the ticket was defeated.
He was a distant cousin of 26th President Theodore Roosevelt, who had also served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy and Governor of New York.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in The Man With the Iron Heart Edit
Franklin D. Roosevelt died in April 1945, before World War II ended in all theaters. However, his charisma and political acumen were fondly remembered by his supporters and opponents alike throughout the German Freedom Front's uprising. Many wondered if Roosevelt would have been much better equipped to maintain public support for the continued occupation of Germany than his successor, Harry Truman.President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1944) asked for and received declarations of war against Germany and Japan following the latter's attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Thus, he led his nation into World War II. But that war was disrupted just a few months later when the Race's Conquest Fleet invaded Earth. Roosevelt escaped the destruction of Washington, DC by one of the Race's atomic bombs and provided his country with strong and inspiring leadership as it desperately battled the Race.While his location was kept secret, he was able to broadcast speeches via radio and film. He was also able to visit the crucial explosive-metal bomb project located in Denver, where he discussed fighting the Lizards with General Leslie Groves at length.
However, the grueling conditions he endured while the United States fought off the invading Race and the stress of leading his country at such a desperate time took a great toll on his health, and he died in 1944. As Vice President Henry Wallace had been killed when the Race destroyed Seattle, he was succeeded as President by Secretary of State Cordell Hull.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in "News From the Front" Edit
President Franklin D. Roosevelt found his every policy challenged by the public and the political establishment when the U.S. entered World War II. The American press was relentless in its criticism of Roosevelt's handling of the war, while simultaneously making political and military secrets public.
Throughout the first half of 1942, Roosevelt's popularity declined. Despite his exhortations to the press to refrain from attacks and from revealing secrets that inhibited the country's efforts, the press and the public turned against Roosevelt. An impeachment movement gained momentum, particularly after Vice President Henry Wallace publically denounced Roosevelt's honesty. By June, 1942, Congress had begun discussing impeachment.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in Days of Infamy Edit
Franklin D. Roosevelt received a declaration of war against the Empire of Japan after Japanese forces attacked and conquered the American territory of Hawaii from December, 1941 through February, 1942. He also received a war declaration against Germany. Although Roosevelt saw Germany as the greater threat, Japan was the more immediate one, and so Roosevelt was forced to abandon the "Germany first" policy he wanted, instead directing the military to retake Hawaii.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in The War That Came EarlyEdit
In October, 1939, with Germany retreating on the Western Front and stalled out on the Eastern Front, Roosevelt proposed that there be a general cease-fire, and that all boundaries be returned to the status quo ante bellum. Adolf Hitler rebuffed Roosevelt's suggestion.
The war continued on into 1940. While the U.S. remained neutral, Roosevelt, viewing the war in Europe at least as one against liberty on the part of the Germans, sent arms to Britain and France, including a fleet of obsolete destroyers. He also offered to mediate an end to the war between the Soviet Union and Japan. While the USSR readily accepted the offer, Japan did not, and the peace was bilateral.
In mid-1940, Roosevelt began his campaign for an unprecedented third term. Concurrently, Britain and France reached a peace with Germany, and joined Germany in a war against the USSR. Disgusted, Roosevelt announced at speech in Philadelphia in October, 1940 that the U.S. would no longer ship arms to Britain and France, and would additionally stop shipping scrap metal and oil to Japan until Japan left China.
While it apppeared the United States had a brief reprieve from the war, on January 12, 1941, just over a week before Roosevelt was inaugurated for a a third time, Japanese forces attacked United States possessions, including the Philippines and Hawaii. The next day, Roosevelt asked for, and received, a declaration of war.
On January 20, Roosevelt addressed the country immediately after his third swearing-in. He reminded the country of his pledge that no Americans would die in foreign wars, but that Japan had made that decision for the U.S. He also reminded the country that whoever won in Europe, liberty would be the loser. After that statement drew a cry of "No European war!", Roosevelt reiterated that there would be no American involvement in the war in Europe, but that the U.S. would achieve victory in the Far East and become strong enough to defeat any other enemy.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in "Joe Steele"Edit
New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1932) was one of two front-runners for Democratic presidential candidate in 1932. The other was California congressman Joe Steele. After two days of voting at the party convention in Chicago, neither was able to secure the two-thirds majority. Steele ordered that the governor's mansion be set on fire. Roosevelt died in the blaze. Nothing tied the fire to Steele, who secured the party's nomination.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in "The House That George Built"Edit
Franklin D. Roosevelt was beginning his third term in February, 1940. H.L. Mencken voted for Roosevelt the first time, a "mistake" he never repeated. Conversely, George Ruth proudly announced that he'd voted for Roosevelt all three times.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in Southern Victory Edit
Note: This section is somewhat speculative, but based on the facts available in the relevant books.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was a life-long Socialist politician, despite being a relative of staunch Democrat President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt. He lost use of his legs when he contracted poliomyelitis. If not for this, some speculated, Roosevelt might have become president himself. Nonetheless, he served as Secretary of War from 1933-1937, and as Assistant Secretary of War from 1937-1945. He oversaw the project to build a superbomb as well as intelligence on other countries' own superbomb projects during the Second Great War.
Roosevelt first rose to prominence, ironically, as Secretary of War in Democrat President Herbert Hoover's cabinet. His Socialist views on domestic policy were out of step with Hoover's lassiez-faire approach to government. For example, Roosevelt was receptive to Colonel Abner Dowling's idea of make-work projects in Utah. Hoover, on the other hand, emphatically shot it down. However, Roosevelt's views on foreign policy were perfectly aligned with the Democrats, particularly as it applied to the Confederate States.
Upon the election of Al Smith to the Presidency in 1936, Roosevelt was, to all appearances, demoted to Assistant Secretary of War. In fact, however, he willingly embraced relative obscurity as a kind of disguise, hiding from the Confederates the importance of what he was engaged on. As Jake Featherston of the Confederate States began saber-rattling, and war seemed imminent, Roosevelt was given the responsiblity of overseeing the United States superbomb project in Hanford, Washington.
He was also the Administration's point man for dealing with Congresswoman Flora Blackford, a critic of Smith, despite being a Socialist herself, who noticed the sizeable appropriations for an unspecified government project and strated to ask awkward questions. It was Roosevelt who decided to tell Blackford about the classified project, and invite her for periodical confidential briefings about its progress - which proved a correct decision, since for the rest of the war she cooperated with the administration on this issue and placed no further obstacles in the project's way.
Roosevelt maintained that position throughout the Second Great War, even after Smith was killed, and Charles W. La Follette became president. Although the C.S. was the first country in North America to use a superbomb, detonating it in downtown Philadelphia, Roosevelt's program produced two bombs for the U.S., accelerating U.S victory in 1944.
Roosevelt's ultimate fate in Southern Victory is unknown.
- Herbert Hoover, Roosevelt's predecessor as President in OTL, who serves as President from 1933-1937 in the Southern Victory series.
- Al Smith, Roosevelt's one-time mentor and predecessor as Governor of New York in OTL, who serves as 32nd President from 1937 until 1942 in the Southern Victory series, and, much like Roosevelt, dies before an analog of World War II ends. Roosevelt serves in Smith's administration.
- Charles W. La Follette, who serves as president from 1942-1945 in the Southern Victory series.
- Joseph Stalin, who, as leader of the Soviet Union, was a critical ally of Roosevelt's during World War II. In the short story "Joe Steele", an Americanized Stalin, in the guise of Joe Steele becomes the 32nd President, in part by killing Roosevelt before Roosevelt can get the Democratic nomination.
- ↑ The Man With the Iron Heart, e.g. pg. 177
- ↑ In the Balance, e.g., pg. 67.
- ↑ Tilting the Balance, e.g.,pg 319-320.
- ↑ Ibid., 502-506.
- ↑ Striking the Balance, pg. 110.
- ↑ Upsetting the Balance, pg. 477.
- ↑ Striking the Balance, pg. 111-115.
- ↑ Days of Infamy, pg. 83.
- ↑ Ibid., pg 384, we learn the U.S. and Germany are at war.
- ↑ End of the Beginning, pg. 120.
- ↑ West and East, pg. 358.
- ↑ The Big Switch, pg. 334.
- ↑ Ibid., pg. 296.
- ↑ Ibid., pg. 263.
- ↑ Ibid., pgs. 336-8.
- ↑ Ibid. pgs. 345-6.
- ↑ Ibid., pg. 396.
- ↑ Ibid., pg. 402.
- ↑ Coup d'Etat, Chapter 1.
- ↑ See Inconsistencies in Turtledove's Work#Inconsistencies in Southern Victory
- ↑ The Center Cannot Hold, pg. 456.
- ↑ Ibid., pg. 457
- ↑ Return Engagement, pg. 396.
- ↑ Ibid., pgs. 450-453.
- ↑ See Drive to the East through In at the Death, generally.
- ↑ See In at the Death.
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