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First Battle of the Marne
Part of World War I,
Date 5–12 September 1914
Location Marne River near Paris, France
Result Decisive Allied strategic victory
Belligerents
France
United Kingdom
Germany
Commanders and leaders
Joseph JoffreFranceflag

Michel MaunouryFranceflag
Joseph GallieniFranceflag
Sir John FrenchBritain
Franchet d'EspereyFranceflag
Ferdinand FochFranceflag
Fernand de LangleFranceflag

Helmuth von Moltke the YoungerGermany 1870

Karl von BülowGermany 1870
Alexander von KluckGermany 1870
Duke of WürttembergGermany 1870

The Battle of the Marne (also known as the Miracle of the Marne) was a First World War battle fought between 5 and 12 September 1914. It resulted in an Entente victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger. The battle effectively ended the month long German offensive that opened the war and had reached the outskirts of Paris. The counterattack of six French field armies and one British Army along the Marne River forced the Imperial German Army to abandon its push on Paris and retreat northeast, setting the stage for four years of trench warfare on the Western Front.

First Battle of the Marne in Southern VictoryEdit

The Battle of the Marne was downplayed in US newspapers while it was trumpeted in Canadian newspapers.[1] Later, when the US 1st Army was attacking into Kentucky, Major Abner Dowling tried to warn General George Armstrong Custer of the Confederate build up in Hopkinsville, stating that they faced an even bigger embarrassment than the Germans faced at the Marne river if they chose to ignore it.[2]

First Battle of the Marne in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Many German veterans of the Great War still fumed about their defeat at the Marne River back in 1914. Willi Dernen particularly remembered his father cursing about it.

As the Germans tore through the low countries and into northern France they hoped that they would be able to take Paris and wash away the stink of the 1914 defeat, unfortunately although they got a lot farther than their fathers did in 1914, it still ended the same way; Defeat and Paris unconquered.

ReferencesEdit

  1. American Front, pg. 146 Paperback.
  2. Ibid., pgs. 166-167.

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