Ferenc Szálasi (6 January 1897 – 12 March 1946) was the leader of the fascistArrow Cross Party – Hungarist Movement, the "Leader of the Nation" (Nemzetvezető), being both Head of State and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary's "Government of National Unity" (Nemzeti Összefogás Kormánya) for the final six months of Hungary's participation in World War II, after Germany occupied Hungary and removed Miklos Horthy by force. During his brief rule, Szálasi's men murdered 10,000–15,000 Jews. After the war, he was executed after a trial by the Hungarian court for crimes against the state committed during the war.
Ferenc Szálasi was newly installed by Germany as the leader of Hungary in October, 1944. In that month, even as the Red Army had entered the eastern half of Hungary, the German SS was still sweeping the country for Zigeuner with the help of the Arrow Cross Party.