Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) (also known as the "Desert Fox", Wüstenfuchs), was perhaps the most famous German Field Marshal of World War II. He was the commander of the Afrika Korps and became known for the skillful military campaigns he waged on behalf of the German Army in North Africa. He was later in command of the German forces opposing the Alliedcross-channel invasion at Normandy. He is thought by many to have been the most skilled commander of desert warfare in World War II.
Following the defeat of Axis forces in North Africa, and while commanding the defense of Occupied France, his fortunes changed when he was suspected of involvement in the failed 20 July Plot of 1944 to kill Hitler and was forced to commit suicide.