The State of Eritrea is a parliamentary democracy in Northeast Africa, bordering with Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and the Red Sea. Much of its history has seen it a territory of one country or another.
Italy conquered Eritrea and the Italian government formally consolidated it into a colony on January 1, 1890. In 1936 it became a province of Italian East Africa, along with Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. The British expelled the Italians in 1941 and continued to administer the territory under a United Nations Mandate until 1951 when Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia as per UN resolution 390(A) adopted in December 1950.
After a period of unrest, Eritrea was officially annexed by Ethiopia in the 1960s. Eritrea regained its independence in the 1990s.