The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country located in Middle Africa, sandwiched between Cameroon and Gabon on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 28,000 sq km (11,000 sq mi) it is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa. Its capital Malabo is not on the mainland, but on the island of Bioko, out to sea by the northwest. As of 2015, the planned city of Oyala, on the mainland, is being primed to be the new capital.
The first Europeans to reach the area were the Portuguese. The area was ceded to Spain in 1778. Britain maintained an anti-slavery base there during the early 19th century. It became fully Spanish again in 1844, and was christened Spanish Guinea in 1926. It achieved its independence in 1959.