The English Reformation was a religiously and politically reformist movement in England in the late 1520s and early 1530s led by King Henry VIII, inspired by that king's desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon. Its most significant development was that, in 1530, England officially passed from a Catholic kingdom to a Protestant kingdom.
Catholicism was restored as England's state religion in 1553 when Henry's daughter Mary became Queen; but the fruits of the Reformation were reinstituted by Mary's half-sister Elizabeth when she became Queen upon Mary's death in 1558. Catholic Europe held out hope that Catholicism would be restored to England should Mary Queen of Scots, Elizabeth's closest living relative, become queen; but Mary was executed in 1587 and her son, Scotland's Protestant King James VI, inherited her claim to the English throne as James I.
English Reformation in Ruled BritanniaEdit
War had broken out between England and Spain in 1585, and in 1588 the Spanish Armada invaded and conquered England, established the Catholic monarchs Queen Isabella and King Albert as England's rulers. The new monarchs imposed a third Catholic period in England's history. Protestantism was restored once again in 1598 when the Spanish-backed monarchs were expelled by a popular revolt and Queen Elizabeth was restored to the throne.
The English Reformation was opposed by Catholics throughout England and Ireland. It was also opposed by the Protestant sect whose followers were known as Puritans, as they saw Elizabeth's religion as being insufficiently different from Catholicism. Henry VIII, his Protestant son Edward VI, and Elizabeth all persecuted both groups, but were more enthusiastic in their persecution of the Catholics. Mary and Isabella, in turn, persecuted Protestants in their efforts to restore Catholicism.
The Atlantean towns of New Hastings and Freetown had been settled for a lifetime when the English Reformation occurred, and most Englishmen living there were used to simply ignoring London whenever they felt like it. Though English Atlantis "officially" became Protestant, and Protestants eventually picked up a slim majority, Catholicism continued to flourish in the settled parts of English Atlantis and the Tudors soon realised that they would be wise not to push the Reformation too far there.