The company traces its origin to the 1851 establishment of Castle & Cooke by missionaries Samuel Northrup Castle and Amos Starr Cooke. Castle & Cooke rapidly became one of the largest companies in Hawaii, investing in shipping, railroad construction, sugar production, and seafood packing. The other half of Dole's corporate heritage, the Hawaiian Pineapple Company, was founded in 1901 by James Dole, who opened his first pineapple plantation in the central plateau of the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Sanford Dole, the cousin of James Dole, had been president of the Republic of Hawaii from 1894 till 1898, and first governor of the Territory of Hawaii from 1898 till 1903.
Dole Food Company in Days of InfamyEdit
Stanley Owana Laanui, the puppet King of Hawaii, possessed a grudge against the Dole Company dating to his youth, when Dole had exploited Hawaii's natural resources on behalf of its owners and at the expense of the island's indigenous population. He listed this among his real and imagined grievances against Hawaii's white population.
After Hawaii's liberation, it was expected that the Dole Company would not recover its losses. Since its plantations were converted into rice paddies, they would need to be made suitable for fruit-growing again, which could not be done within the profit margin of the fruits they produced.