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Critias
Kritias
Historical Figure
Nationality: Athens
Date of Birth: 460 BC
Date of Death: 403 BC
Cause of Death: Killed in battle
Religion: Atheism
Occupation: Poet, Playwright, Tyrant
Relatives: Plato (nephew)
Professional Affiliations: The Thirty Tyrants
Turtledove Appearances:
"The Daimon"
POD: 415 BCE
Type of Appearance: Direct
Date of Birth: 460 BC
Date of Death: 415 BC
Cause of Death: Stabbed to death
Affiliations: Student of Sokrates
Critias (460 BC-403 BC) was an Athenian poet and playwright. He was a follower of Socrates, and an uncle of Plato. He was also one of the so-called Thirty Tyrants, a pro-Spartan oligarchy installed in Athens after its defeat in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Critias established a reputation as being the most violent and vindictive of the Thirty. He was killed when pro-democracy forces were able to drive out the Thirty.

Critias in "The Daimon" Edit

Kritias (460-413 BC) was a follower of Sokrates. He questioned Sokrates's decision to accompany Alkibiades' expedition to Sicily, but went unheeded.[1] When the triumphant Alkibiades returned and conquered Athens, Kritias publicly denounced him as a tyrant. Men loyal to Alkibiades murdered Kritias on the spot.[2] Kritias' nephew, Aristokles, pledged to avenge Kritias, and was also murdered.[3]

Kritias opposition to Alkibiades had little to do with the former's devotion to democracy. Rather, Kritias was jealous of Alkibiades' accomplishments, and had envisioned himself as a dictator of Athens.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. See e.g.: Atlantis and Other Places, pgs. 145-146, HC.
  2. Ibid., pgs. 200-202.
  3. Ibid., pg. 203.
  4. Ibid., pg. 196.

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