|Publication date||March, 1989|
Counting Potsherds" is an alternate history short story first published in Amazing Science Fiction Magazine in March, 1989. It was reprinted in Alternate Empires, edited by Gregory Benford & Martin H. Greenberg in 1989 and in the Harry Turtledove collection Departures in 1993.
The Point of Divergence appears to be in about 483 BCE, with the failure of Athens to discover a rich lode of silver in the mines at Laurium. In OTL, the Athenians used the lode to be build 200 triremes which proved crucial to the defeat of the Persians in 480 BCE. In the story's timeline, without the silver, Athens does not have the triremes, and falls to Persia.
The story takes place four centuries later. Mithredath, a eunuch servant of Khsrish IV, the current King of Kings of Persia, travels to Greece to learn more of the conquest by the original Khsrish (the Conqueror). As part of his mission he explores the ruins of Athens which Khsrish had ordered be razed and left as a wilderness as a warning since the city was the leader in opposition to him.