Christian IV (12 April 1577 - 28 February 1648), sometimes spelled Kristian, was the king of Denmark and Norway from 1588 until his death. He is sometimes referred to as Christian Firtal in Denmark and Christian Kvart or Quart in Norway.
From 1624 to 1925, Norway's capital, Oslo, was named Christiania or Kristania in his honour, because he had organised its rebuilding following the great fire.
Christian IV granted asylum to Anthony Bacon and Bacon's young lover Tom in 1598, as they fled England one step ahead of the Spaniards. Upon learning this, Lope de Vega announced that there was something rotten in the state of Denmark if the supposedly "Christian" king allowed refuge to a "proven sodomite".