Cherbourg Harbour has been a strategic position during centuries of European warfare. Cited as one of the "keys to the kingdom" by 17th-century Marshal Sebastien Vauban, it became a first-rate military port under the leadership of Louis XVI and Napoleon Bonaparte, and holds an arsenal of the French Navy. In 1864, during the American Civil War, the CSS Alabama encountered the USS Kearsarge at Cherbourg Harbor, and the Alabama was sunk in the confrontation. On 10 April 1912, the RMS Titanic docked in Cherbourg as its penultimate port of call. Cherbourg was the primary goal of U.S. troops during the invasion of Normandy in 1944.
Cherbourg in The Guns of the SouthEdit
The CSS Alabama put to port in Cherbourg Harbor in 1864, during the Second American Revolution. When the Union capitulated to the Confederacy, word reached the CSS Alabama before it left dock. As the far more advanced USS Kearsarge was laying in wait, peace came just in time to save the Alabama.