Caudillo is a Spanish word usually describing a political-military leader at the head of an authoritarian power. It is usually translated into English as "leader" or "chief," or more pejoratively as "warlord", "dictator" or "strongman". Caudillo was the term used to refer the charismatic populist leaders among the people.

Spanish leader Francisco Franco used the title "Caudillo de España, por la gracia de Dios" after taking control of the Nationalist forces of the Spanish Civil War , echoing the titles "Führer" and "Il Duce". José Sanjurjo, the original leader of the Nationalists, had expressed his intent to use the title himself before his death in 1936.

Caudillo in In the Presence of Mine EnemiesEdit

The head of state of Spain continued to use the title of the Caudillo well into the 21st century. Spain's status as an ally of Germany meant that the Caudillo acted and ruled independently.[1]

Caudillo in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Marshal José Sanjurjo, the leader of the Spanish Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War, used the title of Caudillo, among others.[2]


  1. In the Presence of Mine Enemies, pg. 73.
  2. See, e.g., West and East, pg. 189-90.

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