Carl Andrew Spaatz
Carl Spaatz
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Date of Birth: 1891
Date of Death: 1974
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Occupation: Soldier, pilot
Spouse: Ruth Harrison
Children: Three
Military Branch: United States Army Air Force (World War I, World War II)
United States Air Force
Turtledove Appearances:
Joe Steele
POD: 1878;
Relevant POD: July, 1932
Novel or Story?: Novel
Type of Appearance: Direct (novel)
Occupation: Military judge
Carl Andrew "Tooey" Spaatz (June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974) was an American World War II general and the first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.

Born as Carl Andrew Spatz, he added the second "a" in 1937 at the request of his wife and daughters to clarify the pronunciation of the name ("spots"), as many pronounced it "spats".

Carl Andrew Spaatz in Joe SteeleEdit

Major Carl Spatz was part of the tribunal that heard the case against Father Coughlin in 1936. He and Captain William Halsey remained silent when the head of the tribunal, Colonel Walter Short asked what the tribunal believed Coughlin's sentence should be. First Lieutenant Nathan Bedford Forrest III, however, voted for Coughlin's execution, which was carried out in short order.[1]

Literary commentEdit

Spaatz/Spatz is not mentioned in the short story.


  1. Joe Steele, pgs. 123-126.
Military offices
Preceded by
Gen. of the Army Henry H. Arnold
Commanding General, United States Army Air Forces
Succeeded by
Office abolished, Army Air Forces replaced by United States Air Force
Preceded by
New title
Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
Succeeded by
Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg