Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab World. Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life. Even before Cairo was established in the tenth century, the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt due to its proximity to the Great Sphinx and the pyramids in nearby Giza.
Cairo was chosen as the Race's administrative center on Tosev 3 by Fleetlord Atvar shortly after Africa fell to the Race's Conquest Fleet. Cairo hosted the Peace of Cairo, a historic conference between Atvar and the representatives of the Big Five human powers which resulted in the agreement to attempt a peaceful coexistence on the planet.
Islam was the dominant religion of Cairo, and many Muslims opposed the Race militantly. Nonetheless, Atvar refused to relocate his capital, fearing he would be perceived as weak.
When war broke out between the Race and Germany in 1965-66, the Reich Rocket Force fired several nuclear missiles at Cairo, but all were intercepted by the Race's missile defense systems. One detonated east of the city but far enough away not to destroy the city center.