Bucharest (București) is the capital city, largest city, industrial and financial center of Romania, located in the southeast of the country. In 2011, the population was 1,883,425, the sixth largest in the European Union.
Bucharest was founded in the 15th century, and became the national capital in 1862. As the capital of an Axis nation, Bucharest was heavily bombed by the Allied Forces during World War II. After Romania changed sides in 1944, German forces bombed the city but failed to capture it.