The British Union of Fascists (BU) was a political party in the United Kingdom formed in 1932 by Sir Oswald Mosley. In 1936, it changed its name to the British Union of Fascists and National Socialists and then in 1937 to simply the British Union.
Mosley, a former Labour MP, had left Labour after proposing comparatively radical response to the unemployment problem in 1930. He created the very short-lived "New Party", before his newly-confirmed devotion to fascism led him to wrap up the New Party and form the BUF in 1932. While initially quite successful in local elections, it never stood in a general election; it lost much of its funding before the 1935 election, and urged its voters to stay home, anticipating "fascism next time." However, World War II prevented the 1940 general election, and by 1945, the next election, the war was over and fascism was discredited. In any event, the Union was condemned as an enemy of the state and was banned by the authorities in 1940.
In the aftermath of the "big switch" of 1940, which saw Britain and France reach a truce with Germany, and then align with Germany against the Soviet Union, the British Union of Fascists regained a certain amount of political momentum. Party supporters, known as "Silver Shirts", appeared at the funeral of War Minister Winston Churchill in uniform to jeer as his body was carried down the street.
By 2010, Oswald was long dead and the BUF was still the only party in British politics, usually toeing the German line. However, with the death of FührerKurt Haldweim, the BUF began a period of quiet subversiveness, extolling the virtues of the First Edition of Mein Kampf, wherein Hitler, before he came to power, supported the democratic election of the party leader. This idea galvanized the BUF's younger generation. At their 2010 convention, Charlie Lynton was elected Prime Minister after long chants of "First Edition!" from his supporters, and the complete lack of fresh ideas from the party's older generation.