Flag of Botswana
The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. From 1885 to 1966, Botswana was the British protectorate of Bechuanaland. It has held free and fair democratic elections since independence.

Literary commentEdit

Most Harry Turtledove timelines take place when Botswana is still Bechuanaland, if it exists at all.

Botswana in In the Presence of Mine EnemiesEdit

After Germany won the Second World War, Bechuanaland was integrated into the Reich. It remained part of the Reich into the 21st century.[1]

Botswana in WorldwarEdit

Bechuanaland (along with the rest of Africa) quickly fell to the Race in 1942 during their invasion of Earth. It was recognised as a Race colony after the Peace of Cairo in 1944,[2] despite the efforts of Britain to demand its return.[3]

Botswana in The Two GeorgesEdit

See: South Africa (The Two Georges)

Literary commentEdit

Botswana is part of an enlarged South Africa in The Two Georges along with OTL South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe.


  1. In the Presence of Mine Enemies, pg. 26, most of Africa is red on a world map.
  2. See the Colonization map.
  3. Striking the Balance, pgs. 374-5.

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