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Benjamin Butler
Butler
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Date of Birth: 1818
Date of Death: 1893
Cause of Death: Myocardial infarction
Religion: Baptist
Occupation: Soldier, Lawyer, Politician, General
Spouse: Sarah Hildreth
Children: Paul I (1845–1850), Blanche, Paul II (1852–1918), and Ben-Israel
Political Party: Democratic Party (1840–1862)
Republican Party (1862-1874)
Greenback Party (1874-1889)
Military Branch: United States Army
Turtledove Appearances:
"Must and Shall"
POD: July 12, 1864
Type of Appearance: Posthumous reference
The Guns of the South
POD: January 17, 1864
Type of Appearance: Direct
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): How Few Remain
Type of Appearance: Direct
Political Party: Republican Party (1862-1882)
Democratic Party (1840-1862 and from 1882)
Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer and politician who represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives (1867-1875, 1877-1879) and later served as governor of Massachusetts (1883-1884). At different phases of his career, Butler was Democrat, a Republican, and an independent. He supported Jefferson Davis for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1860, unsuccessfully. Butler was himself the presidential nominee of the "Greenback" and "Anti-Monopoly" coalition of minor parties in 1884, coming in fourth place and receiving very few votes.

During the American Civil War, Butler was a General in the United States Army. He proved to have little or no skill for combat, and spent most of the war in desk jobs. His administration of occupied New Orleans, his policies regarding slaves as contraband, his ineffectual leadership in the Bermuda Hundred Campaign, and the fiasco of Fort Fisher rank him as one of the most controversial political generals of the war. Unfairly maligned by out-of-context misreporting and malicious gossip about his policies, he was widely reviled for years after the war by Southern white people, who gave him the nickname "Beast Butler."

Benjamin Butler in "Must and Shall"Edit

A bronze statue of Benjamin Butler, the first of many US Military Governors, stood in New Orleans, Louisiana. FBS Agent Neil Michaels thought Butler an unlikely choice for such an honor. So did the white locals, many of whom held neo-Confederate sentiments. As a result, the statue ended up getting blown up twice throughout its history. The statue was first blown up in the 1880s and then again in the 1920s. Michaels was surprised to see that, despite that history, it was unguarded in 1942.

Benjamin Butler in The Guns of the South Edit

Benjamin Butler had risen to prominence early in the Second American Revolution when he commanded a Union garrison at New Orleans. After an armistice was negotiated in 1864, United States President Abraham Lincoln and Confederate President Jefferson Davis agreed to a peace conference with three Peace Commissioners appointed by each side. Lincoln appointed Butler as one of the three U.S. commissioners. Given his conduct during his time as the Commander of the Department of the Gulf and Davis' General Order 111, Confederates considered his appointment as a Commissioner an affront and insult, and barely concealed their hatred for the man during the negotiations. Nevertheless, they were required to extend Butler diplomatic immunity and provided him a strong guard.

A peace treaty was negotiated whereby the Confederacy abandoned claims to West Virginia and Maryland, while the United States ceded the Indian Territory. Also, state-wide referenda were to be held to determine the status of Kentucky and Missouri. Kentucky elected to join the C.S. while Missouri voted to remain with the U.S.

Benjamin Butler in Southern Victory Edit

Benjamin Butler had been a politician of the Democratic Party when the War of Secession began in 1861. He left the party and joined the Army to fight the war. He was best known for commanding the occupation garrison of New Orleans, Louisiana, a post in which he was most thoroughly despised by the locals. When the Union was defeated, Butler was forced to flee New Orleans for his life; the Confederate authorities had promised to hang him for war crimes without a trial. In the aftermath of the war, Butler left the army and returned to politics, this time joining the Republican Party as a hard liner.

When the Second Mexican War began in 1881, Butler was more than enthusiastic to fight it, but as the war progressed and turned against the Union, Butler grew bitter and openly critical of US President James Blaine.

In 1882, Butler was one of several prominent leaders of the Republican Party to attend a convention called by Abraham Lincoln at the Florence Hotel in Chicago, Illinois. He resisted Lincoln's proposal to replace hostility toward the Confederate States with workers' rights as the central plank of the party's platform. Butler steadfastly refused to drop his Anti-Confederate policies. He blamed the loss of the war on the social and moral weakness of the country, and that it needed to rebuild its self into a more authoritarian nation if the nation was to ever be triumphant over the Rebels. When he realized he wasn't going to get his way, Butler walked out of the meeting. In the chaos that followed, the Republican Party split, with the Liberal faction joining the Socialist Party, while Butler left the Republican Party and rejoined the Democrats, taking all of the Conservative hardliners with him.

Political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
John D. Long
Governor of Massachusetts
1883-1884
Succeeded by
George D. Robinson
Preceded by
John B. Alley
U.S. Representative from the 5th District of Massachusetts
1867-1873
Succeeded by
Daniel Gooch
Preceded by
Nathaniel P. Banks
U.S. Representative from the 6th District of Massachusetts
1873-1875
Succeeded by
Charles Thompson
Preceded by
John Tarbox
U.S. Representative from the 7th District of Massachusetts
1877-1879
Succeeded by
William Russell
Preceded by
James Baird Weaver (Greenback-Labor)
Anti-Monopoly and Greenback Party presidential nominee
1884 (lost)
Party dissolved

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