Baltimore is the largest city in Maryland. Founded in 1729, Baltimore is a major U.S. seaport and industrial center. The city is named after Lord Cecil Calvert of Baltimore (1605–1675), the first British governor of Maryland Colony. The city has played notable roles in the country's history. During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress was based there briefly (December 20, 1776 to February 27, 1777), giving the city a claim to have been the national capital. It was the site of an American victory during the War of 1812, commemorated in the national anthem. At the start of the American Civil War, Union troops were attacked by Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore in 1861. PresidentLincoln's controversial suspension of habeas corpus during this time period caused numerous arrests in Baltimore, which may have prevented Maryland's secession and saved Washington, DC from Confederate invasion.
In Baltimore in 1850, prosperous furniture merchant William Legrand paid a less than reputable dentist named Vankirk for a replacement bicuspid. The tooth had been taken from a local corpse.
After receiving the tooth, Legrand's manner of speech became more pompous and flowery. He suffered through a series of nightmares, and became convinced that the tooth was haunted. He had it removed and returned to its rightful owner.
After witnessing the destruction of Washington, DC by a Sovietatomic bomb, PresidentHarry Truman asked to land the presidential airplane in Baltimore. Major Pesky advised against this, as Baltimore was likely to be a target, and convinced Truman to remain airborne in Washington airspace as long as possible. En route, they witnessed a second bomb going off destroying the Pentagon. Eventually, the airplane ran low on fuel and they landed in Richmond.
During the Second Great War, Baltimore was a target of Confederate bombardment, particularly during Operation Blackbeard. While the city was never invaded, it was bombed heavily for the duration of the war. After the C.S. surrendered, Baltimore became a port for C.S. ships that were taken into custody.