Atlanta is the capital and the most populous city of the State of Georgia. One of the chief business centers of the southeast, it is home to many Fortune 500 companies, including the Coca-Cola company, whose signature product was invented in Atlanta in 1886. The city is one of the fastest-growing in the United States, adding 1.1 million people between 2000 and 2008, and hosted the 1996 Summer Olympics.
After desperate fighting led by Confederate General George Patton to keep the U.S. out of the city, the C.S. realized that keeping Atlanta would be too costly in terms of manpower. In late December 1943, the C.S. army quietly withdrew on an overcast night with minimal losses. The U.S. army subsequently moved in.