In Ancient Greek mythology, Athena was the shrewd companion of Heroes and the Goddess of Heroic endeavour. She was also the goddess of wisdom. She remained the patroness of weaving especially and other crafts (Athena Ergane) and the more disciplined side of war, where she led the battle (Athena Promachos). Her perpetual virginity was acknowledged in the title Athena Parthenos. The city of Athens was allegedly named for her (although the truth may be vice versa), and her temple the Parthenon was built on its Acropolis in the mid 5th century BC. The Romans identified her with the goddess Minerva.
The tyrannosPeisistratos managed to regain control of Athens by claiming Athena personally supported him. He then had a woman named Phye dress as Athena and escort him into the city. The crowds believed that Phye was Athena, and Peisistratos was welcomed back by the people of Athens.
Later that night, while Phye was waiting in the temple on the Akropolis, she was accosted by a satyr named Marsyas, who believed her to be the true Athena, and attempted to rape her. Phye kneed Marsyas in the groin, driving him away. Phye believed she heard a female voice say "That was well done."