Anti-tank dogs were dogs taught to carry explosives to tanks, armoured vehicles and other military targets. They were intensively trained by the Soviet and Russian military forces between 1930 and 1996, and used in 1941–1942 against German tanks in World War II. Although the original dog training routine was to leave the bomb and retreat so that the bomb would be detonated by the timer, this routine failed and was replaced by an impact detonation procedure which killed the dog in the process. The U.S. military trained anti-tank dogs in 1943 for use against fortifications, but never deployed them. Dogs strapped with explosives were unsuccessfully used by Iraqi insurgents in 2005.
The Soviet Army used anti-tank dogs during 1941–2, in a desperate attempt to stop the advancing Germans. When the Race arrived in mid 1942, the dogs were deployed against Race Landcruisers with success, as the Race had not expected them to be used as suicide weapons.