Ante Pavelić (14 July 1889 - 28 December 1959) was the Poglavnik and founding member of the Croatian national socialist/fascistUstaše movement in 1929 and later the leader of the Independent State of Croatia, a puppet state of NaziGermany during World War II. His brutal regime was responsible for the murder of more than 200,000 Serbs, 31,000 Jews, and 26,000 Roma. At the end of the war, Pavelić escaped abroad, residing in Argentina from 1948 until 1957, when he was wounded by an assassin's bullet. He died of lingering complications from that wound in Madrid, Spain in 1959.
Ante Pavelić was the dictator of the Independent State of Croatia. The Race invaded Croatia in 1943, hoping to bend Pavelić to their will, but were driven out by German troops at the Battle of Split, keeping Croatia in the Greater German Reich. The German troops, while recognizing Pavelić as a Reich ally, made jokes among each other at his expense.