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António de Oliveira Salazar
Salazar
Historical Figure
Nationality: Portugal
Date of Birth: 1889
Date of Death: 1970
Cause of Death: Stroke
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Politician, Educator, Economist
Political Party: National Union
Political Office(s): President and Prime Minister of Portugal
Turtledove Appearances:
The Man With the Iron Heart
POD: May 29, 1942;
Relevant POD: May, 1945
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): Last Orders
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
António de Oliveira Salazar (28 April 1889 – 27 July 1970) served as the Prime Minister of Portugal from 1932 to 1968. In 1932, he founded and led the Estado Novo ("New State"), the authoritarian, right-wing government that presided over and controlled Portugal's social, economic, cultural and political life until 1974, outliving its founder by four years. From 1932 through 1968, Salazar held the office of Prime Minister of Portugal. He in addition, he held several cabinet positions at various times, and served as the interim president of Portugal in 1951.

António de Oliveira Salazar in The Man With the Iron HeartEdit

Despite his Fascistic tendencies, António de Oliveira Salazar kept Portugal neutral throughout World War II. After the war, Portugal did prove a relative safe harbor for Nazis fleeing Germany, although not as attractive as Spain.[1]

In 1947, members of the German Freedom Front hijacked a passenger plane in Lisbon.[2] The Salazar government made few efforts to storm the plane or rescue the hostages.[3]

António de Oliveira Salazar in The War That Came EarlyEdit

After the death of José Sanjurjo in the Fall of 1943 and the collapse of the Spanish Nationalist cause, General António de Oliveira Salazar allowed various Nationalist commanders to take refuge in Portugal.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Man With the Iron Heart, pg. 514.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid., pg. 515.
  4. Last Orders, pg. 287.
Political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
Domingos Oliveira
Prime Minister of Portugal
1932-1968
Succeeded by
Marcello Caetano
Preceded by
António Óscar Carmona
President of Portugal
(interim)

1951
Succeeded by
Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes
Political offices
(Fictional Work)
Preceded by
Domingos Oliveira
Prime Minister of Portugal
(The Man With the Iron Heart)

1932-19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent at novel's end, 1948
Political offices
(The War That Came Early)
Preceded by
Domingos Oliveira
Prime Minister of Portugal
1932-19??
Succeeded by
Incumbent at series' end, 1944

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