Anderson or Andersen is a Germanic surname meaning "son of Andrew." In the works of Harry Turtledove, Anderson may refer to:


Mildred Andersen, fictional activist, minor character in "News From the Front."
Tom Andersen, fictional logger, minor character in The Hot War: Fallout.
Anderson (The Guns of the South), a slave and minor character in The Guns of the South.
Charles W. Anderson, historical Confederate soldier appearing in Fort Pillow.


Anderson, Indiana, an important setting in The Man With the Iron Heart.
Anderson Democrat, a newspaper published there.
Andersonville, Georgia, a city that was home to an infamous American Civil War prison camp, featured in Settling Accounts.