|Editor||Harry Turtledove and Roland J. Green, ed.|
|Genre(s)||Alternate History, secret history, fantasy|
|Followed by||Alternate Generals II|
Many of the stories deal with key battles of various ancient and modern wars going differently than in OTL because a general took a different decision, or because a different person was in the specific position. In several of the stories, various generals (and admirals) are depicted as fighting on the opposite side to that on which they fought in OTL: John Paul Jones ("Sir John Paul" in the story) in the British Royal Navy, foiling the American Revolution at Yorktown; Admiral Horatio Nelson commanding the French Navy at Trafalgar; Napoleone di Buonaparte on the side of the British and Prussians at Waterloo; Joshua Chamberlain fighting on the Confederate side at Gettysburg and winning the battle for them) or in a context completely different to that in OTL (Robert E. Lee and Jeb Stuart in the Crimean War in a timeline where North America remains in the British Empire). A common theme in the stories of different writers is of generals trusting their instinct, taking risky initiatives to the displeasure of their superiors - and achieving major victories.
Another theme common to several stories is of generals turned statesmen (the Roman Julius Caesar, the American Dwight Eisenhower, the South African Jan Smuts) reviewing their respective lives at an old age and (in some stories) being given a chance to go back and correct mistakes.
A few of the stories are not technically alternate history, but are secret histories with possible elements of fantasy.
The cover picture of a Roman soldier in the turret of a tank does not correspond to any of the actual stories in the collection.
- Lillian Stewart Carl, "The Test of Gold"
- Elizabeth Moon, "Tradition"
- Brad Linaweaver, "And to the Republic for Which It Stands"
- S.M. Stirling, "The Charge of Lee's Brigade"
- Lois Tilton, "The Craft of War"
- Jody Lynn Nye, "Queen of the Amazons"
- Harry Turtledove, "The Phantom Tolbukhin"
- Esther Friesner, "An Old Man's Summer"
- Bill Fawcett, "The Last Crusader"
- William Sanders, "Billy Mitchell's Overt Act"
- Janet Berliner, "A Case for Justice"
- William R. Forstchen, "A Hard Day for Mother"
- David Weber, "The Captain from Kirkbean"
- John Mina, "Vive l'Amiral"
- Brian M. Thomsen, "Bloodstained Ground"
- R.M. Meluch, "Vati"