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Alfonso XIII of Spain
Alfonso XIII
Historical Figure
Nationality: Spain
Date of Birth: 1886
Date of Death: 1941
Cause of Death: Natural Causes
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Monarch
Parents: King Alfonso XII and Maria Christina of Austria
Spouse: Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Children: Six
House: Bourbon
Turtledove Appearances:
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): West and East
Type of Appearance: Contemporary references
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): The Victorious Opposition
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) reigned as King of Spain. He was the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. His mother, Queen Maria Christina, was appointed regent during his minority. In 1902, on attaining his 16th year, the King assumed control of the state. During his reign, Alfonso kept Spain neutral during World War I, and attempted to promote tourism in his country. He was ousted in 1931 by the formation of the Second Spanish Republic. During the Spanish Civil War, Alfonso openly expressed his preference for the Nationalist faction. However, Nationalist leader, and eventual head of state Francisco Franco made it clear that he would not restore Alfonso XIII upon a Nationalist victory.

Alfonso died in exile a month and a half after officially abdicating in favor of his son, the Infante Juan. However, Franco took great pains to ensure Juan never ascended to the throne, instead arranging for Juan's son, Juan Carlos to ascend upon Franco's death.  

Alfonso XIII in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Marshal José Sanjurjo had announced his intention to restore Alfonso XIII to the Spanish throne upon a Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War.[1] But that victory never came; the Republicans triumphed in 1944 after Sanjurjo was killed the previous year.[2] The monarchy was not restored.

Alfonso XIII in Southern VictoryEdit

Alfonso XIII was overthrown by Nationalist forces in a rebellion backed by Britain and France in the late 1930s. Monarchists, belatedly backed by Germany, were ultimately defeated.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. West and East, pg. 50.
  2. Last Orders, pg. 144-146.
  3. The Victorious Opposition, pg. 363
Regnal titles
(OTL)
Preceded by
Alfonso XII
King of Spain
17 May 1886 – 14 April 1931
Succeeded by
None; Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
as President of Spain
Regnal titles
(Southern Victory)
Preceded by
Alfonso XII
King of Spain
1886 – c. 1939
Succeeded by
None;
New Nationalist Government

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