Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) reigned as King of Spain. He was the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. His mother, Queen Maria Christina, was appointed regent during his minority. In 1902, on attaining his 16th year, the King assumed control of the state. During his reign, Alfonso kept Spain neutral during World War I, and attempted to promote tourism in his country. He was ousted in 1931 by the formation of the Second Spanish Republic. During the Spanish Civil War, Alfonso openly expressed his preference for the Nationalist faction. However, Nationalist leader, and eventual head of state Francisco Franco made it clear that he would not restore Alfonso XIII upon a Nationalist victory.
Alfonso died in exile a month and a half after officially abdicating in favor of his son, the Infante Juan. However, Franco took great pains to ensure Juan never ascended to the throne, instead arranging for Juan's son, Juan Carlos to ascend upon Franco's death.
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