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Republic of Albania
Albaniamap2
Albania
Country
Continent: Europe
Capital: Tirane
National Language: Albanian
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Status in OTL: Active

The Republic of Albania is a small parliamentary democracy in the southern part of Eastern Europe. It is less than 45 miles from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.

Albania has historically been dominated by several empires, including the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and finally the Ottoman Empire, before officially gaining independence in 1912. However, it was once again dominated by a foreign power, Italy, in 1939. As World War II progressed, Germany also occupied Albania, until they were driven out by primarily Communist partisans.

For the early part of the Cold War, Albania was a close ally of the Soviet Union, until a schism turned Albania to the People's Republic of China. By 1978, Albania had turned away from China.

With the end of the Cold War, Albania saw a period of unrest until stable democratic reforms took hold in the early 21st century.

Albania in The GladiatorEdit

Albania had a long history of Communism, and was viewed as a stalwart in the war against fascism and capitalism. Albania's neighbor, the Italian People's Republic, even named a school in Milan for Enver Hoxha, the leader of the People's Republic of Albania for nearly 50 years.[1]

Nonetheless, Italy looked down its collective nose on its less sophisticated neighbors. The fact that Albania was the poorest country in Europe did not help. However, Italians were not publicly dismissive, as Albanians were quick to be insulted and generally liked to carry knives.[2]

Albania was a red-headed stepchild as far as the USSR was concerned. After Joseph Stalin's death, the USSR briefly turned its back on his legacy. Hoxha, a staunch Stalinist, turned his back on the USSR, and aligned himself with the People's Republic of China. After Hoxha's death, the USSR re-embraced Stalin. However, the relationship had been permanently damaged. For decades, the USSR provided no financial aid to Albania. While the two countries were officially allies by 2097, Albania suffered internal strife as pro-Chinese guerrillas fought against the government. Various countries, including Italy, had troops in Albania to help keep the guerrillas down, with limited success.[3]

Albania in In the Presence of Mine EnemiesEdit

Albania was annexed into Italy during World War II. It remained part of the Italian Empire into the 21st century.[4]

Albania in Southern VictoryEdit

Albania fell into Austria-Hungary's sphere of influence in the aftermath of the Great War.[5]

Albania in The Two GeorgesEdit

Albania was a province of the Ottoman Empire. It fell under the control of the British Empire when the Ottoman Empire became a British protectorate.[6]

Albania in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Although Italy had designs on Albania before the outbreak of the Second World War in October 1938,[7] Italy did not use the war as an excuse to attack its neighbor, and Albania maintained its neutrality for the entirety of the war.[8]

Albania in WorldwarEdit

Albania was occupied and annexed by Italy in 1940. When the Race invaded Earth in 1942, the entirety of Italy and its possessions were occupied.[9] After the Peace of Cairo in 1944, Italy and its European holdings[10], including Albania[11], were transferred to the possession of the Greater German Reich.

NotesEdit

  1. The Gladiator, pg 13.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid. 209-10.
  4. In the Presence of Mine Enemies, pg 26. Albania is not specifically listed, but this is consistent with the story's (apparent) POD.
  5. Breakthroughs, pg. 569. As Albania is never mentioned again, it is unknown what role, if any, it played in the Second Great War.
  6. Map The Two Georges, frontispiece.
  7. Hitler's War, pg 129.
  8. Somewhat speculative, based on the simple fact that Albania is never again mentioned in the series.
  9. In the Balance, pg. 226.
  10. Striking the Balance, pg 375
  11. See the Colonization map

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