Adolph Heinrich Joseph Sutro (April 29, 1830 - August 8, 1898) was born in Prussia (now Germany) and emigrated to San Francisco, California, arriving on the steamship California on November 21, 1850. He set up stores in San Francisco and Stockton. In 1859, when the Comstock Lode was discovered, he went into mining, setting up the Sutro Metallurgical Works, in East Dayton, Nevada. He also built the Sutro Tunnel, which allowed drainage and ventilation of the many mines in the Comstock Lode and to permit the miners to safely bring out the rich silver ore.
At one time, Sutro is believed to have owned 1/12 of all land in San Francisco. He was San Francisco's second Jewish mayor, serving 1895-1897.
Sutro was a supporter of PresidentJames G. Blaine and designed several comical, outlandish security measures to protect San Francisco (which was an extremely low priority target) from attack during the Second Mexican War. Ironically, when the British did attack the city, the defenses Sutro proposed proved worthless.
One of Sutro's most vocal critics was newspaper editor Samuel Clemens, who named his dog Sutro as an insult to the mayor. Clemens would later regret this, believing he'd actually insulted the dog.