Abdülmecid II, (29 May 1868 – 23 August 1944) His Imperial Majesty (also with various alternate spellings, including Abdul Mejid, Aakhir Khalifatul Muslimeen Sultan Abd-ul-Mejid, Abdul Medjit) (1868-1940; reigned 19 November 1922 – 3 March 1924) was the last Caliph of the Ottoman Dynasty, and nominally the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1944.
Abdul Majid II was the 37th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, rising to the throne in the 1920s. He continued the policy of persecuting Armenians started early in 1915, despite the protestations of his country's ally, the United States. This practice tapered off with the end of the decade.
Under Abdul Majid, the Ottomans reluctantly entered the Second Great War as a German ally, and while the Empire benefited little, it was once again on the winning side of a major global war.